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Monitoring Proxmox with Grafana will be a good idea to see the actual resource utilization on our Proxmox cluster. Already we have covered in our previous guide about “How to monitor Linux servers using Prometheus and Grafana“. However, in this guide let’s focus on how to monitor the Proxmox virtualization platform with the help of Proxmox and influxDb.
Proxmox supports Graphite and InfluxDB while comparing the advantage of using InfluxDB and graphite, InfluxDB owns the match. Let’s start to setup influx DB by following below guide.
Right after installing the InfluxDB, start to create the DB user, Database with required privileges.
Creating a Monitoring Database
Creating database for monitoring Proxmox, Replace the user and password value as per standard to your setup.
CREATE USER admin WITH PASSWORD 'Redhat@123' WITH ALL PRIVILEGES CREATE DATABASE mondb CREATE USER monuser WITH PASSWORD 'Redhat@123' GRANT ALL ON mondb TO monuser exit
Create, Verify and list the created database
sysadmin@monitor:~$ influx Connected to http://localhost:8086 version 1.8.3 InfluxDB shell version: 1.8.3 > CREATE USER admin WITH PASSWORD 'Redhat@123' WITH ALL PRIVILEGES > CREATE DATABASE mondb > CREATE USER monuser WITH PASSWORD 'Redhat@123' > GRANT ALL ON mondb TO monuser > SHOW GRANTS FOR monuser database privilege -------- --------- mondb ALL PRIVILEGES > SHOW DATABASES name: databases name ---- _internal mondb > > exit sysadmin@monitor:~$
InfluxDB configuration for Proxmox
Few configurations are required for Proxmox. Edit the main configuration for Influxdb to add the require options
$ sudo vim /etc/influxdb/influxdb.conf
This port should match to Proxmox metric configuration.
DataCenter –> Metric Server –> Add –> InfluxDB
[[udp]] enabled = true bind-address = ":8089" database = "mondb" batch-size = 5000 batch-timeout = "1s"
Make sure to use the database we created in earlier steps.
Install Grafana for Monitoring Proxmox
First, let’s start to resolve the required dependencies for Grafana installation.
$ sudo apt-get install -y apt-transport-https $ sudo apt-get install -y software-properties-common wget
Import the apt key for grafana
$ wget -q -O - https://packages.grafana.com/gpg.key | sudo apt-key add -
Enable the repository, If you are running from unprivileged account it will prompt to enter the password for privilege escalation.
$ echo "deb https://packages.grafana.com/oss/deb stable main" | sudo tee -a /etc/apt/sources.list.d/grafana.list
Installing Grafana, update the apt cache and by following install the Grafana.
$ sudo apt-get update $ sudo apt-get install grafana
Unpacking grafana (7.3.6) ... Setting up fonts-dejavu-core (2.37-1) ... Setting up fontconfig-config (2.13.1-2ubuntu3) ... Setting up libfontconfig1:amd64 (2.13.1-2ubuntu3) ... Setting up grafana (7.3.6) ... Adding system user `grafana' (UID 112) ... Adding new user `grafana' (UID 112) with group `grafana' ... Not creating home directory `/usr/share/grafana'. ### NOT starting on installation, please execute the following statements to configure grafana to start automatically using systemd sudo /bin/systemctl daemon-reload sudo /bin/systemctl enable grafana-server ### You can start grafana-server by executing sudo /bin/systemctl start grafana-server Processing triggers for systemd (245.4-4ubuntu3) ... Processing triggers for man-db (2.9.1-1) ... Processing triggers for libc-bin (2.31-0ubuntu9) ...
Post to Grafana installation, we need to make few changes.
$ sudo vim /etc/grafana/grafana.ini
Few of interesting configurations for monitoring Proxmox are as follows. If you need to setup a default admin account and password we need to set here before starting the Grafana service.
[paths] logs = /var/log/grafana plugins = /var/lib/grafana/plugins [server] protocol = http http_port = 3000 [security] admin_user = admin admin_password = admin
Make the Systemd configuration changes by running “daemon-reload” by following enable and start the service persistently.
$ sudo systemctl daemon-reload $ sudo systemctl enable grafana-server $ sudo systemctl start grafana-server $ sudo systemctl status grafana-server
Installing Plugins and Dashboard
Few of cool dashboards are listed below. We will use anyone of below dashboard soon in upcoming steps.
https://grafana.com/grafana/dashboards/10048 https://grafana.com/grafana/dashboards/13307 https://grafana.com/grafana/dashboards/11418 https://grafana.com/grafana/dashboards/11416
If any plugins are missing we could get the alerts in the dashboard. Install the missing plugins by running below command, replace the plugin name with your missing plugin name.
$ sudo grafana-cli plugins install grafana-clock-panel $ sudo grafana-cli plugins install blackmirror1-singlestat-math-panel
Search for the plugins at
sysadmin@monitor:~$ sudo grafana-cli plugins install grafana-clock-panel installing grafana-clock-panel @ 1.1.1 from: https://grafana.com/api/plugins/grafana-clock-panel/versions/1.1.1/download into: /var/lib/grafana/plugins ✔ Installed grafana-clock-panel successfully Restart grafana after installing plugins . <service grafana-server restart> sysadmin@monitor:~$ sysadmin@monitor:~$ sudo grafana-cli plugins install blackmirror1-singlestat-math-panel installing blackmirror1-singlestat-math-panel @ 1.1.7 from: https://grafana.com/api/plugins/blackmirror1-singlestat-math-panel/versions/1.1.7/download into: /var/lib/grafana/plugins ✔ Installed blackmirror1-singlestat-math-panel successfully Restart grafana after installing plugins . <service grafana-server restart> sysadmin@monitor:~$
Now if you check the database, we could see some tables and columns.
sysadmin@monitor:~$ influx -database 'mondb' -username 'mondb' -password 'Redhat@123' Connected to http://localhost:8086 version 1.8.3 InfluxDB shell version: 1.8.3 > show databases name: databases name ---- _internal mondb linuxsys_db > > use mondb Using database mondb > > show MEASUREMENTS name: measurements name ---- ballooninfo blockstat cpustat memory nics proxmox-support system >
Right after starting the Grafana service, access the URL from anyone of your favorite web browser. The default port of Grafana is 3000.
The default username and password are
If you are accessing dashboard for the first time, it will prompt to change the password.
Adding Data Source for Monitoring Proxmox
As we have installed and configured to use the InfluxDB for Proxmox, now we need to add the data source with InfluxDB database information.
Navigate to Settings
Click the Add data source
Select InfluxDB by clicking on it.
Feed the HTTP URL where the InfluxDB installed, In our case its on same server where we installed Grafana.
Provide the InfluxDB information and select either GET or POST for HTTP method.
Click the Save & Test to make the connection test and save the configuration.
Data Source has been successfully added to start monitoring Proxmox. Now we could see the added Data source in the list.
Importing Predefined Dashboards
There are only very few pre-defined dashboards are available for Proxmox. In our earlier step, We have shared few of dashboards URL. Get the dashboard ID from there
Click the + Symbol from left side pane and select the Import
Each predefined dashboard have a ID, copy paste the ID and click load.
Here we are using ID 12966 for demonstration purpose.
Select all the sources as InfluxDB
Proxmox WebUI Configuration
Switch back to Proxmox webUI and configure the InfluxDB from metrics.
- Navigate to Server View from the drop-down list.
- Select the Datacenter from the list.
- Click on Metric from right side pane above the support option.
- Click Add and select the InfluxDB
Now we could get the below window.
- Enter a Name
- IP address or hostname of the monitoring server, In my case 192.168.0.50 resolving to monitor.linuxsysadmins.local
- Select the Enabled option.
- Enter the Port number where the data should be sent.
- Click create to create the entry.
To make sure the changes from Proxmox command line.
root@pve1:~# cat /etc/pve/status.cfg influxdb: monitor port 8089 server 192.168.0.50 root@pve1:~#
Viewing Grafana Dashboards
Back to Grafana GUI and check the Dashboards, now you could get some graphs.
That’s it, we have successfully started to get visualize the Proxmox environment.
To get the metric information of Proxmox Virtualization platform we can use the Grafana with InfluxDB. By installing the InfluxDB and start using Grafana in a few minutes to get a good visualization on your resource utilization in your Proxmox environment. Subscribe to our newsletter and stay close for more updates, your feedbacks are welcome through below comment section.