When Ansible helps me?
Why we use Ansible playbook? We have hundreds of Linux servers and requirement came in our email stating” Babin create below users in all Linux servers by referring attachment with approved given privileges” Oh no it takes time.
In fact, it takes time for manual intervention to create user accounts across number or servers. So we have decided to create an ansible playbook to automate the task in remote servers with specific UID, GID, “Gecos” information, Shell and user passwords. This is how we have managed to create the groups and users in remote servers using Ansible. Let see how can achieve this.
To read about more topics on “Ansible” you can refer to the below links.
- Install and configure Ansible Automation IT Tool
- Install Ansible using Python installation manager pip
- How to create a host’s Inventory using Ansible
- Managing Groups and User creation using Ansible
- Creating a Logical volume-based file system using Ansible
- Ansible tasks for Sysadmins with examples
- Create three groups “nixadmins” with GID (2010), “office” with GID (2011), “warehouse” with GID (2012). Each group should have there specific GID.
- Create five users. User “sysadmin” should be the privileged account with UID “2001” and he allowed to participate in all the groups with “nixadmins” as his primary group. He should have a bash shell and his ssh key should be in place.
- User “bobin” should be the unprivileged account with UID “2002” and he allowed to participate in only “office” group. All other settings are applied for him same as “sysadmin” user.
- User “lonston” should have UID “2003” remaining all other settings refer to user “bobin”.
- Create a user “rajesh” with GID “2004” He is a Unix admin should have all the privileges. And he will participate in “office” and “warehouse” groups. His primary group should be “nixadmins”. Remaining settings applied same as user “sysadmin”.
- Create a user Temporary account “guest001” with UID “2004” without privilege and he will be a collaborator under “warehouse” group. His home directory should not be created and his account should expire on 1st May 2018.
- At last, remove the unwanted system account “games” from all the servers.
Here we are using an empty password for the user “guest001” and force him to create his own password at first login.
If we need to create and use the password in Ansible playbook better we need to stick with encrypted hash passwords using python or using the mkpasswd command.
[ansible@ansible ~]$ python -c 'import crypt; print crypt.crypt("redhat@1234567", "$1$SomeSalt$")' $1$SomeSalt$ZpW3Lbd6PK5Sj1rF279et0
Above all tasks can be done using ansible playbook. I’m running this playbook using the command.
[ansible@ansible ~]$ ansible-playbook add_user_in_remote_servers.yml -i hosts
Watch the video when we run the playbook.
Playbooks for creating Users & Groups
Find the full playbook as follow.
--- - hosts: linuxsysadmins remote_user: ansible become: yes become_method: sudo gather_facts: no connection: ssh tasks: - name: Add group "nixadmins" to remote server group: name: nixadmins gid: 2010 state: present - name: Add group "Office" to remote server group: name: office gid: 2011 state: present - name: Add group "Warehouse" to remote server group: name: warehouse gid: 2012 state: present - name: Add user "sysadmin" to remote server user: name: sysadmin comment: "Privileged User" uid: 2001 group: nixadmins groups: office,warehouse append: yes shell: /bin/bash generate_ssh_key: yes ssh_key_bits: 2048 ssh_key_file: .ssh/id_rsa - name: Add user "Bobin" to remote server user: name: bobin comment: "Accountant UnPrivileged User" uid: 2002 group: office shell: /bin/bash generate_ssh_key: yes ssh_key_bits: 2048 ssh_key_file: .ssh/id_rsa - name: Add user "Lonston" to remote server user: name: lonston comment: "Content creator UnPrivileged User" uid: 2003 group: office shell: /bin/bash generate_ssh_key: yes ssh_key_bits: 2048 ssh_key_file: .ssh/id_rsa - name: Add user "Rajesh" to remote server user: name: rajesh comment: "Unix Admin Privileged User" uid: 2004 group: nixadmins groups: office,warehouse append: yes shell: /bin/sh generate_ssh_key: yes ssh_key_bits: 2048 ssh_key_file: .ssh/id_rsa - name: Add user "Guest001" to remote server user: name: guest001 comment: "Temp account" uid: 2005 group: warehouse shell: /bin/bash createhome: no password: '' expires: 1525198731 - name: Force user "Guest001" to change the password command: chage -d 0 guest001 - name: Remove user "Games" from remote server user: name: games state: absent remove: yes ...
That’s it we are now good to go for any number of servers by replacing host group name “linuxsysadmins” in a few seconds we can achieve our user creation requirements.
We have managed to create the number of users and groups across remote servers, it’s pretty easier to create with a playbook for our daily tasks, Hope this helps you. Provide your feedback and improvement plans by commenting in below comment section.