Moving a Volume Group from one Server to another Server

Moving a Volume Group Moving a Volume Group

Introduction

Moving a Volume group from one system to another system may be our requirement in some case. Let’s see how to moving a volume group including it’s multiple disks from one server to another server without missing any files.

To read about more Logical Volume Management navigate to below URL.

Below is the mount point we need under another system.

[root@prod-srv-01 ~]# df -hP /data01/
 Filesystem                   Size Used Avail Use% Mounted on
 /dev/mapper/vg_data01-lvdata 20G  15G  5.9G  71%  /data01
[root@prod-srv-01 ~]#

It’s contains files as well.

[root@prod-srv-01 ~]# ls -lthr /data01/
total 14G
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 7.0G May 8 02:36 CentOS.iso
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 7.0G May 8 02:37 RHEL.iso
[root@prod-srv-01 ~]#

At the end of this guide we should get all these files in another server.

List and Verify the Disks

We have two numbers of disks under vg_data01 volume group. Each disk is 10 GB in size. The logical volume size is 20 GB. So, while we move a volume group we should move two numbers of disks from the current system to another system.

List the number of current LV, VG and PV which we are planned to move.

[root@prod-srv-01 ~]# pvs
  PV         VG        Fmt  Attr PSize   PFree
  /dev/sda2  cl        lvm2 a--  <19.00g    0 
  /dev/sdb   vg_data01 lvm2 a--  <10.00g    0 
  /dev/sdc   vg_data01 lvm2 a--  <10.00g    0 
[root@prod-srv-01 ~]# 
[root@prod-srv-01 ~]# vgs
  VG        #PV #LV #SN Attr   VSize   VFree
  cl          1   2   0 wz--n- <19.00g    0 
  vg_data01   2   1   0 wz--n-  19.99g    0 
[root@prod-srv-01 ~]# 
[root@prod-srv-01 ~]# 
[root@prod-srv-01 ~]# lvs
  LV     VG        Attr       LSize   Pool Origin Data%  Meta%  Move Log Cpy%Sync Convert
  root   cl        -wi-ao---- <17.00g                                                    
  swap   cl        -wi-ao----   2.00g                                                    
  lvdata vg_data01 -wi-ao----  19.99g                                                    
[root@prod-srv-01 ~]# 

Most important is, we need to know the list of Physical disks used under the specific volume group and logical volume.

[root@prod-srv-01 ~]# vgs -o +devices
  VG        #PV #LV #SN Attr   VSize   VFree Devices       
  cl          1   2   0 wz--n- <19.00g    0  /dev/sda2(0)  
  cl          1   2   0 wz--n- <19.00g    0  /dev/sda2(512)
  vg_data01   2   1   0 wz--n-  19.99g    0  /dev/sdb(0)   
  vg_data01   2   1   0 wz--n-  19.99g    0  /dev/sdc(0)   
[root@prod-srv-01 ~]#
[root@prod-srv-01 ~]# lvs -o +devices /dev/mapper/vg_data01-lvdata 
  LV     VG        Attr       LSize  Pool Origin Data%  Meta%  Move Log Cpy%Sync Convert Devices    
  lvdata vg_data01 -wi-a----- 19.99g                                                     /dev/sdb(0)
  lvdata vg_data01 -wi-a----- 19.99g                                                     /dev/sdc(0)
[root@prod-srv-01 ~]#

Unmount and Deactivate Volume Group

Unmount the filesystem which required under other system.

# umount /data01/

Make the logical volume and Volume group offline.

# lvchange -an /dev/mapper/vg_data01-lvdata
# vgchange -an vg_data01
  • -a – activate
  • -n – no

Instead of -a we can use --activate as well.

[root@prod-srv-01 ~]# vgchange -an vg_data01
 0 logical volume(s) in volume group "vg_data01" now active
[root@prod-srv-01 ~]#

Export/Moving a Volume Group

Export the Volume group which you need under another system.

[root@prod-srv-01 ~]# vgexport vg_data01
 Volume group "vg_data01" successfully exported
[root@prod-srv-01 ~]#

Once exported, next step will be performed after Powering Off the virtual or Physical server.

Removing the Physical Disks

Shutdown the Virtual/Physical Machine, and remove the right disks. Attach the disks to other system where you need it.

After mapping/attaching the disks do a pvscan. Here we should see the exported disk on pvscan output.

[root@prod-srv-02 ~]# pvscan
 PV /dev/sdb is in exported VG vg_data01 [<10.00 GiB / 0 free]
 PV /dev/sdc is in exported VG vg_data01 [<10.00 GiB / 0 free]
 PV /dev/sda2 VG cl lvm2 [<19.00 GiB / 0 free]
 Total: 3 [<38.99 GiB] / in use: 3 [<38.99 GiB] / in no VG: 0 [0 ]
[root@prod-srv-02 ~]#

The exported volume group will have the attribute with ax-.

[root@prod-srv-02 ~]# pvs
 PV        VG         Fmt     Attr    PSize    PFree
 /dev/sda2 cl         lvm2    a--     <19.00g  0
 /dev/sdb  vg_data01  lvm2    ax-     <10.00g  0
 /dev/sdc  vg_data01  lvm2    ax-     <10.00g  0
[root@prod-srv-02 ~]#

Import the Volume Group

Import the volume group by running vgimport command with the imported volume group name.

[root@prod-srv-02 ~]# vgimport vg_data01
 Volume group "vg_data01" successfully imported
[root@prod-srv-02 ~]#
[root@prod-srv-02 ~]# vgscan
 Found volume group "vg_data01" using metadata type lvm2
 Found volume group "cl" using metadata type lvm2
[root@prod-srv-02 ~]#

Activate the Volume Group

Now activate the volume group by running vgchange with activate options.

[root@prod-srv-02 ~]# vgchange -ay vg_data01
 1 logical volume(s) in volume group "vg_data01" now active
[root@prod-srv-02 ~]#
  • -a – activate
  • -y – yes

If you know the volume group name we can activate the same by running lvchange as well.

# lvchange -ay /dev/mapper/vg_data01-lvdata

Finally, verify and mount the filesystem.

Verify and mount the filesystem

After activating the volume group, Verify by printing all the PV, VG and LV.

[root@prod-srv-02 ~]# pvs
  PV         VG        Fmt  Attr PSize   PFree
  /dev/sda2  cl        lvm2 a--  <19.00g    0 
  /dev/sdb   vg_data01 lvm2 a--  <10.00g    0 
  /dev/sdc   vg_data01 lvm2 a--  <10.00g    0 
[root@prod-srv-02 ~]# 
[root@prod-srv-02 ~]# vgs
  VG        #PV #LV #SN Attr   VSize   VFree
  cl          1   2   0 wz--n- <19.00g    0 
  vg_data01   2   1   0 wz--n-  19.99g    0 
[root@prod-srv-02 ~]# 
[root@prod-srv-02 ~]# lvs
  LV     VG        Attr       LSize   Pool Origin Data%  Meta%  Move Log Cpy%Sync Convert
  root   cl        -wi-ao---- <17.00g                                                    
  swap   cl        -wi-ao----   2.00g                                                    
  lvdata vg_data01 -wi-a-----  19.99g                                                    
[root@prod-srv-02 ~]#

Now we should get all the two disks under the same logical volume.

[root@prod-srv-02 ~]# vgs -o +devices
  VG        #PV #LV #SN Attr   VSize   VFree Devices       
  cl          1   2   0 wz--n- <19.00g    0  /dev/sda2(0)  
  cl          1   2   0 wz--n- <19.00g    0  /dev/sda2(512)
  vg_data01   2   1   0 wz--n-  19.99g    0  /dev/sdb(0)   
  vg_data01   2   1   0 wz--n-  19.99g    0  /dev/sdc(0)   
[root@prod-srv-02 ~]#
[root@prod-srv-02 ~]# lvs -o +devices /dev/mapper/vg_data01-lvdata
  LV     VG        Attr       LSize  Pool Origin Data%  Meta%  Move Log Cpy%Sync Convert Devices    
  lvdata vg_data01 -wi-a----- 19.99g                                                     /dev/sdb(0)
  lvdata vg_data01 -wi-a----- 19.99g                                                     /dev/sdc(0)
[root@prod-srv-02 ~]#

Let’s create a directory and mount the logical volume to verify the existing filesystem and files.

[root@prod-srv-02 ~]# mkdir /data01
[root@prod-srv-02 ~]# 
[root@prod-srv-02 ~]# mount /dev/mapper/vg_data01-lvdata /data01/
[root@prod-srv-02 ~]# 
[root@prod-srv-02 ~]# df -hP /data01/
 Filesystem                    Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
 /dev/mapper/vg_data01-lvdata   20G   15G  5.9G  71% /data01
[root@prod-srv-02 ~]# 
[root@prod-srv-02 ~]# ls -lthr /data01/
 total 14G
 -rw-r--r--. 1 root root 7.0G May  8 02:36 CentOS.iso
 -rw-r--r--. 1 root root 7.0G May  8 02:37 RHEL.iso
[root@prod-srv-02 ~]#

That’s it, we have successfully completed with moving a Volume group from one system to other system.

Conclusion

Moving a volume group and underlying logical volumes from one server to another server as per our business requirement. Let’s come up with other logical volume management guide in future. Subscribe to our newsletter for feature updates.