CentOS Linux 8.0, It’s been last 4 months we are waiting for CentOS 8 Linux. By 2019-05-07 RHEL 8.0 has been released however we need to have a paid subscription for RHEL updates and support. CentOS provides everything similar to RHEL 8 free of cost.

CentOS 8 available under three architectures x86_64, ppc64le(Little Endian) and aarch64 (ARM64). The packaging format of CentOS 8 has been moved from yum to DNF/YUM4. As Yum App stream and modules available for RHEL 8 everything applied for CentOS 8 as well. Moreover, CentOS 8 out with kernel version 4.18. For package stream it provides a separate ISO with 8 GB in size.

Downloading CentOS 8

Let’s start with downloading CentOS Linux 8 ISO file from the official website from any one of your nearest mirror.

https://www.centos.org/download/mirrors/
http://isoredirect.centos.org/centos/
http://isoredirect.centos.org/centos/8/isos/x86_64/

Stream ISO download

http://isoredirect.centos.org/centos/8-stream/isos/x86_64/CentOS-Stream-x86_64-dvd1.iso

If you are planning to install on any Virtual machines its fine to use with ISO file. In case, if you plan to install on Physical servers or Laptop prepare to burn the ISO on any DVD or USB device.

For a quick app deployment its good to play around with Docker CentOS 8 image. However, still, docker images are not yet available. It will be available under https://hub.docker.com/_/centos/ soon.

# docker pull centos

Hardware Requirement

1 vCPU
2 GB of Memory minimum, Recommended 4 GB RAM.
10 GB of disk space, Recommended 20 GB.

Major Changes in CentOS Linux 8

  • CentOS Linux 8 out with kernel version 4.18.
  • Contents are available through BaseOS and AppStream Repositories.
  • Yum Package Manager with DNF support included with modular content.
  • The default python version will be 3.6
  • Database servers like MySQL, MariaDB, Redis, PostgreSQL 9.6 and 10.
  • It comes with Web servers Apache 2.4 and nginx 1.14
  • CentOS 8 comes with Git, Subversion and Mercurial.
  • CentOS provides OpenJDK 11, OpenJDK 8 and great java tools like Ant, Maven.
  • Luks1 has been replaced with Luks2.
  • The installer Anaconda can use LUKS2 disk encryption on NVDIMM devices.
  • IPtables has been replaced with nftables and firewalld use nftables in the backend.
  • Creating and managing VM’s from Cockpit web console is possible under CentOS 8.
  • The Maximum size of an XFS file system size has been increased from 500 TiB to 1 PB.
  • GCC Compiler based on version 8.2 with more support for recent C++ standard versions.
  • Pacemaker cluster resource manager upgraded to upstream version 2.0.0.
  • PCS configuration fully supports Corosync 3 and Knet.
  • Gnome session and Gnome display manager use Wayland as the default server. Additionally, existing X.org as well available.
  • Comes with LibreOffice v6.0.6.1.
  • The default browser of CentOS 8 is Firefox 60.5.1.

Booting from CentOS Linux 8 ISO

To start the CentOS Linux installation first we need to boot from ISO file or from the bootable USB device.

Staring CentOS Linux 8 Installation
Staring CentOS8 Installation

Selecting Installation Language

Choose your preferable language for the installation progress. This will be used for installation progress itself. Once the language selected click continue to proceed with the installation.

Language for Installation of CentOS Linux 8
Language for Installation

Installation Summary

Once after the language selection, we will be redirected to Installation summary windows as shown below.

Installation Summary
Installation Summary

Choose TimeZone

You will be in Installation summary page, By next step select your location to configure the timezone, Click done to continue. Whenever we complete with all setup we will be redirected to Installation summary page.

Choosing timezone
Choosing timezone

Software Selection for CentOS 8

Select the type of server we need to install. In our setup, we will proceed with a minimal operating system for demonstration purpose. However, in any environment, it’s better to start with a minimal OS setup.

Type of Server
Type of Server

Create Partition Layout for CentOS Linux 8

To perform the installation create the required partition layouts. Let’s start with creating /boot partition. The list of partition we required to create is as follows.

Partition Minimum Size FileSystem Type Partition Type
/boot 1 GB XFS Standard
/ 6 GB XFS LVM
/home 10 GB XFS LVM
/var 10 – 15 GB XFS LVM
swap 2 GB swap LVM

Select the disk and choose custom Partitioning.

Create Partition Layouts
Create Partition Layouts

Create /boot Partition

Minimum 1 GB is fine for /boot partition. Make sure to choose the partition type as Standard and filesystem as XFS. Click the + symbol on the left side bottom corner to create the required Partitions and filesystems.

Enter the size and select the filesystem from the drop-down list.

Creating fileSystem and Size
Creating fileSystem and Size

Once created we should see as shown below. Make-sure to choose the device type as standard for /boot filesystem.

Creating Remaining Partitions

Remaining partitions are created as per above table with required Partition/filesystem type. Make sure to change the filesystem of the swap as swap.

Define remaining filesystems
Define remaining filesystems

Leave Remaining space under the Volume Group

Once we create with the required filesystems leave the remaining space under the volume group for future use. Click on modify under the Volume Group.

Define remaining filesystems
Define remaining filesystems

We will get the below window. Here choose “As large as possible” from the drop-down list. If you wish to have a custom VG name other than the default “cl” you can change the same here. Once everything done click Save to exit.

Selecting VG Size Policy
Selecting VG Size Policy

Now you should see the remaining space under Volume Group.

Remaining Space under VG
Remaining Space under VG

Finally, click Done to write the changes. By following it will prompt to create the partitions and filesystems, Click Accept Changes to proceed.

Apply partition changes
Apply partition changes

Configuring kdump

In an unexpected situation, the kernel dump will help us to pinpoint the issue. Start to configure the kdump by enabling an entering the manual memory reservation as shown below.

Configuring kdump
Configuring the kdump

Setting up Network

Start the network configuration by configuring a static hostname and IP address. Click configure to enter the IP details for all required interfaces.

Configure Network
Configure Network

Under General tab check the option “Automatically connect to this network when it is available” to start the network automatically while server boots.

Start the interface persistently
Start the interface persistently

If you plan to configure Static IP address navigate to IPv4 Settings and configure the interface. In our setup, we are getting IP from DHCP.

Interface IP configuration-DHCP or Static
Interface IP configuration-DHCP or Static

Enter the hostname at the bottom of the window and click Apply.

Set hostname and IP from DHCP
Set hostname and IP from DHCP

Click ON/OFF to see the changes. Finally, click the Done to make the changes and exit.

Installation Summary of CentOS Linux 8

After exiting from the setup we will be redirected to the Installation summary page. Click Begin Installation it will start to copy/install the installation files.

Finalised Installation summary of CentOS Linux 8
Finalised Installation summary

Create Root Password

While installer copy and install the packages set the root password. Click on Root Password to set one.

Set the root password
Set the root password

Enter a strong password and confirm the same once again. Click Done to set the password.

Create a strong root password for CentOS Linux 8
Create a strong root password

Define an Administrative account

Other than root account the good to create an administrative account with Sudo privileges. Enter the full name, user name, and password. Check both boxes to make the account with sudo privilege.

Click Done to exit from the administrative user creation window.

Progress of Installation

It will take a few minutes to complete the installation, If you have a good spec server it won’t take too much time.

CentOS Linux 8 Installation in Progress
Installation in Progress

Reboot to complete

Once the server completed with installation we should get reboot option at the end of the installation at right side bottom corner. Click to Reboot. Eject the ISO/Media while the system reboots.

Reboot after installation
Reboot after installation

Post Installation

The server will take a few seconds to minutes to come up with a freshly installed CentOS Linux 8. Log in to the root to verify.

Login for the root account
Login for the root account

Let run with few commands to verify the uptime, OS version etc.

CentOS Linux 8 Post installation
CentOS 8 Post-installation

CentOS Linux 8 with GUI

For those who like to work on a Server with GUI choose the option “Server with GUI” during installation. It can be done during the software selection.

CentOS Linux 8 with GUI
CentOS Linux 8 with GUI

We have successfully completed with installing CentOS Linux 8. Performing installation on a virtual machine or physical machine above steps are fine.

Conclusion

More features available in the new CentOS operating System. In future articles, we will cover more with a how-to guide based on CentOS 8. Subscribe to our newsletters and stay tuned. Your feedbacks are most welcome through below comment section.

1 COMMENT

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here